Abdominal sonography

With abdominal ultrasonography, the doctor can examine various abdominal organs. Read when the exam is used and what it can show!

Abdominal sonography

The abdominal sonography is an ultrasound examination of the abdomen. It is used both for diagnosis of disease and for follow-up. With their help, the doctor can assess various abdominal organs, such as the liver, kidneys and spleen. Read here which organs can be assessed in the abdominal ultrasound and when the abdominal ultrasound becomes important.

Product Overview

abdominal sonography

  • Which organs are examined during abdominal ultrasound?

  • How should I prepare for my abdominal sonography?

  • How does the abdominal ultrasound work?

Which organs are examined during abdominal ultrasound?

In the sonography (abdomen), the doctor assesses the size, structure and location of the following abdominal organs and vessels:

  • Liver including the large liver vessels
  • Gall bladder and biliary tract
  • spleen
  • right and left kidney
  • Pancreas (pancreas)
  • prostate
  • lymph node
  • Aorta, large vena cava and femoral veins
  • Bladder (in filled condition)
  • Uterus (uterus)
  • Intestine (limited assessment possible)

In addition, with the help of the Abdomensono, the doctor can detect free fluid in the abdominal cavity, for example an inflammatory effusion or blood.

How should I prepare for my abdominal sonography?

For the usual examinations of the ultrasound (abdomen) there are no special preparatory measures. You do not have to be sober, however, it is recommended to avoid larger meals or carbonated drinks: otherwise, the intestine is too filled with gas and overlaps the other organs. If your abdominal ultrasound is performed in a practice, it is best to wear loose clothing so that you can easily open the stomach (including lower abdomen).

For these diseases, the examination is important

  • bladder stones
  • cholangitis
  • gallstones
  • herpes
  • Kidney stones
  • Cyst on the ovary

How does the abdominal ultrasound work?

The sono (abdomen) works on the same principle as any ultrasound examination: the transducer emits ultrasonic waves that are reflected (reflected) by different tissue structures in different ways. The abdomen is best judged when the patient lies relaxed on his back with his legs slightly bent. The kidneys, however, are often easier to examine in a lateral position.

As the liver and spleen are partially obscured by the ribs, the doctor asks the patient to breathe in deeply and hold the air a little so that the organs are pushed down through the diaphragm. If at the abdominal sonography If something abnormal, such as a tumor or a change in tissue structure, is found, the doctor will arrange further examinations.

More about the symptoms

  • Blood in the urine
  • Burning while urinating
  • bilious attack
  • urinary retention
  • incontinence
  • groin pain
  • kidney pain
  • back pain
  • syncope
  • Abdominal pains

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