- Caffeine passes through the placenta
- Coffee in pregnancy: lower birth weight
- Breastfeeding coffee: The child drinks
- Recommended caffeine dose
May Coffee in pregnancy continue to be drunk as usual? Or should you be careful with it? This question concerns many expectant mothers. For many women, morning coffee is a starter ritual in the day that they do not want to miss. But how does the unborn baby react to the caffeine? Read more about Coffee & Pregnancy.
Caffeine passes through the placenta
For many people: No start to the day without coffee. Pregnancy is a phase where you should not drink too much. Because the caffeine activator in coffee, the placenta passes unhindered and thus has an impact on the unborn child. An adult breaks down caffeine with the help of certain enzymes (cytochromes). However, the fetus does not possess these enzymes and thus can not degrade the caffeine supplied.
- Losing weight during pregnancy
- Losing weight after birth
- Alcohol in pregnancy
- Nutrition in pregnancy
- Folic acid in pregnancy
- Coffee in pregnancy
- Magnesium in pregnancy
- Tea in pregnancy
- Which cheese in pregnancy?
Coffee in pregnancy: lower birth weight
In a Norwegian study, nearly 60,000 pregnant women were questioned about their coffee consumption. The babies were later assessed for their birth weight. It turned out that the consumption of coffee in pregnancy influences the growth of the embryo:
If the expectant mothers had drunk a cup of coffee every day (equivalent to about 100 milligrams of caffeine), the average birth weight of the babies was 21 to 28 grams and more below the expected average of 3600 grams. With larger coffee consumption and thus higher amounts of caffeine the birth weight deviated even further from the target.
In a healthy child, this difference has no great significance. In premature births or in babies with an already lower birth weight, this can have an effect on later development.
Apart from a reduced birth weight, the consumption of coffee in pregnancy seems to have no further consequences. The intake of caffeine does not induce a premature birth, nor does it lead to serious damage to the child.
Breastfeeding coffee: The child drinks
Breastfeeding mothers should not consume too much caffeine. The child is otherwise restless, gets abdominal pain and sleeps badly. If there is a desire for coffee, black or green tea or a coke, it is best to go directly to breastfeeding, so that the body has time to reduce the caffeine until the next nursing meal.
Recommended caffeine dose
According to the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), pregnant women should take a maximum of 200 milligrams of caffeine per day. This means that up to three cups of coffee can be drunk every day during pregnancy - provided no other caffeine-containing drinks or food are consumed. Because some energy and soft drinks such as cola contain caffeine, per glass up to 80 milligrams. That's only slightly less than coffee. Caffeine is also found in black and green tea - on average 50 milligrams per cup. Even cocoa and chocolate contain the pick-me-up. That should be taken into account.
In general, therefore, you must renounce Coffee in pregnancy and other caffeinated drinks and foods, but keep an eye on the amount consumed. The same applies to breastfeeding.