- What is a drowning accident?
- Which situations can lead to drowning?
- Which symptoms occur? (depending on the immersion time)
- First aid measures
What is a drowning accident?
In a drowning accident, there is always a lack of oxygen when immersed in a liquid. Depending on the length of the lack of oxygen damage to the organs or drowning death is the result.
- Allergic reaction in children
- Breathing - first aid in children
- Eye injuries - first aid in children
- Abdominal injuries - first aid in children
- Bite injuries - first aid in children
- Electric accident in children
- Vomiting at the baby
- Frostbite - first aid in children
- Drowning accident in children
- Drowning accident in infants
Which situations can lead to drowning?
- Unattended playing on the water
- In infants, a shallow depth of water is sufficient, as the so-called diving reflex can cause respiratory arrest when the face is immersed in cold water.
If someone suddenly faints and falls over, that's scary. This is how you react correctly.
Which symptoms occur? (depending on the immersion time)
Signs may be missing initially and may occur with a delay of several hours.
The following changes can occur depending on the immersion time:
- Cough, wheezing, shortness of breath, foamy secretions, rattles in breathing
- Fast pulse
- Bluish-grayish skin color, especially the lips and fingernails
- Confusion or dulling of consciousness to loss of consciousness, respiratory arrest, cardiac arrest and severe hypothermia.
- Nostrils (tremors of the nostrils)
First aid measures
- Take the child out of the water!
- Talk to the child and check his state of consciousness.
- Do not try to remove the water from the lungs!
- If the child is approachable: remove soaked clothes, dry child, keep warm and calm.
- If the child is unresponsive, but continues to breathe, it should be placed in stable lateral position.
- If respiratory arrest begins with the breath.
- If no pulse is palpable: perform a cardiopulmonary resuscitation.
- Call the emergency doctor!
- Attention: Resuscitation should also be performed on infants and children who appear to be lifeless. With deep hypothermia, resuscitation on the heart-lung machine can be successful even after a long time.
- Carry out the measures until rescue arrives.
Every infant should be examined by a doctor after a drowning accident, as a short-term lack of oxygen can lead to impaired organ functions. However, this may only be recognizable after 24 to 48 hours.