Ecstasy is one of the most common drugs of the 80s and 90s. Ectasy was first developed around 1910 and tested as an appetite suppressant. The drug consists of a mixture of amphetamines, mostly combined with the substance MDMA (3,4-methylenedioxy-N-methylamphetamine). As early as the 1960s, MDMA made a name for itself as the "love drug" of hippies in sunny California. In Europe, the drug was first introduced extensively to the drug market in the 1980s and quickly became a technodrogan among 16 to 24-year-olds. In the illegal market, ecstasy is sold in pill form or in capsules.
The ecstasy intoxication
There are many factors involved in the ecstasy effect. The composition of the pill and dosage of the active substances play a role, as well as the atmosphere of the environment or the mood and expectations of the consumer.
The effects of ecstasy are usually described as having a euphoric state of increased drive and empathy. The communication and contact ability is increased as well as the mental balance. The consumer perceives visual and acoustic stimuli intensified and particularly intense. However, under circumstances, a rapid mood change from euphoria to anxiety and depression can occur.
Ecstasy belongs to the group of synthetically manufactured drugs. A mechanism that has not yet been clarified increases the concentration of the neurotransmitter serotonin in the brain, thus triggering the noise-like well-being. In dose ranges between 80 and 150 milligrams, the effect occurs depending on the drug combination after 20 to 60 minutes and can last four to twelve hours.
Ecstasy - the consequences
After effects such as drowsiness, depressive moods and restlessness on the day after the intake are classified as harmless. Real dangers, on the other hand, are primarily characterized by dehydration of the body through perspiration during hours of physical hyperactivity (such as dancing). Increased body temperature, high blood pressure, kidney failure, and an increased tendency to coagulate the blood have in some cases even led to death.
Long-term damage after consuming ecstasy has been controversial for a long time. Research has shown, however, that chronic ecstasy use leads to permanent changes in the brain. It is primarily those nerve cells that are responsible for the serotonin metabolism that decrease. In addition, it also seems to come to word finding and memory disorders. The extent of the damage does not depend on the number of pills consumed. Physicians conclude that even small amounts of ecstasy can damage the brain.
The mental dependency potential is classified as mediocre. However, the long-term use of ecstasy carries the risk of psychological dependence.