Heroin is a powder obtained by chemical processes from the opium poppy (Papaver somniferum) raw opium. It contains psychoactive substances that are euphoric and numbing. Heroin and other morphine-like substances, such as fully synthetic methadone, are among the opioids. Heroin is an illegal addict - the possession, cultivation and trade in heroin is prohibited under the Narcotics Act and will be prosecuted. Today, heroin is mainly from illegal laboratories in Burma, Afghanistan, Thailand and South America.
The history of opium poppy as a remedy as well as a noise drug presumably goes back millennia. As early as 4,000 BC. Sumerians and Egyptians have used its healing and intoxicating effects. Heroin was first brought to market in 1898 as a painkiller and cough medicine. When the addictive effect became known, the drug was withdrawn from the market in the 1920's. In the UK, heroin is sometimes used to treat patients with cancer, while it is no longer used as a medicine in Germany.
- Amphetamines (Speed, Crystal)
- Cannabis (marijuana, hashish)
- Drugs (general)
- LSD (lysergic acid diethylamide)
The heroin intoxication
Heroin works through a number of binding sites in the brain and, especially with intravenous injection, causes an extremely fast-paced, lightening (euphoric) mood, the so-called "rush". As the concentration in the brain decreases, a second, dream-like phase follows, depicting a detachment of the emotions from reality. In this twilight state, especially the breathing and the heart activity are greatly reduced, so it can lead to respiratory paralysis with death.
Addicts have been smoking and snorting heroin more often than injecting it. The reason is probably the increased risk of contagion for AIDS and hepatitis through shared needles.
Heroin - the consequences
Regular use of heroin causes very strong mental and physical dependence. The pronounced habituation of the body to the mood-enhancing (euphoric) effect ensures that the addicts sometimes increase the dose 40-fold compared to the initial dose.
The physical withdrawal symptoms are characterized by restlessness and insomnia, muscle pain, diarrhea and goose bumps. They are so daunting that the result is a permanent long-term use of heroin. In addition to a number of bacterial infections are mainly heart damage, lung infarction and viral infections (hepatitis B and C, AIDS) in the forefront of medical complications.
Above all, the increase in dose leads to increased procurement crime, which finally leads addicts into social seclusion and robs them of the basis for integration into society.