Klatskin tumor

Klatskin's tumor is a carcinoma located on the hepatic fork. Read everything about diagnosis and treatment!

Klatskin tumor

As Klatskin tumor (Hilary bile duct carcinoma) is a cholangiocellular carcinoma, which is located on the so-called hepatic fork, so the bifurcation of the bile ducts. Here you can read all important information about the Klatskin tumor.

ICD codes for this disease: ICD codes are internationally valid medical diagnosis codes. They are found e.g. in doctor's letters or on incapacity certificates. C24

Product Overview

Klatskin tumor

  • Klatskin's tumor: occurrence

  • Klatskin's tumor: symptoms and diagnosis

  • Klatskin's tumor: prognosis and therapy

Klatskin's tumor: occurrence

The Klatskin tumor is a special form of bile duct carcinoma. It is located on the so-called Hepatikusgabel, where the left and right pass of the liver to unite common liver passage. This is why it is also called bifurcation carcinoma or carcinoma of the hepatic fork. Most patients with a Klatskin's tumor are between 60 and 70 years old.

Among the previously known risk factors that favor the development of Klatskin's tumor are gallstones that are located in the liver, and the so-called Caroli syndrome. In Caroli syndrome, the bile ducts of the patients are dilated.

Klatskin's tumor: symptoms and diagnosis

Frequently, patients with a Klatskin's tumor initially notice nothing of their disease. Only when the tumor gets bigger, complaints occur. These include jaundice (jaundice) and a painlessly enlarged gallbladder under the last right rib. In addition, there is often a heavy weight loss.

As with cholangiocellular carcinomas located elsewhere in the bile ducts, physicians use a variety of examination methods to diagnose a Klatskin's tumor. These include taking blood and examining the blood for changes in liver and gall levels. Frequently, an ultrasound examination of the abdomen (abdominal ultrasound) is made. In addition, the bile ducts can be visualized by means of contrast agents in the X-ray and possible narrowing of the bile ducts by tumors such as a Klatskin tumor can be detected.

Klatskin's tumor: prognosis and therapy

Overall, the Klatskin tumor prognosis is very poor. When a Klatskin tumor is diagnosed by a doctor, it can often no longer be operated on. Because he has usually grown strong when the patients notice the first symptoms. The Klatskin tumor life expectancy is very low. Five years after diagnosis, less than five percent of patients still live.

If surgery is still possible, the tumor is removed along with the common liver canal, the hepatic fork and the left and right liver passages. If necessary, the surgeon also removes parts of the liver.

If the Klatskin's tumor can not be operated, palliative treatment is started. "Palliative" means that the patient's complaints are best alleviated by the therapy, even if he can not be cured. Thus the bile despite Klatskin tumor drains, so-called stents are inserted into the bile ducts, small tubes that keep the bile ducts open.

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