Surname: Mistletoe (Viscum album L.)
Mistletoe is common in both Europe and North Asia. As a so-called semi-parasitic it grows on deciduous and coniferous trees and removes water and nutrient salts from its host plants.
- Blue iron hat
- Real chanterelle and fake chanterelle
- Herb Paris
- angel's Trumpet
- Earth Knightling and Tiger Knightling
- Flockenstieliger Witchesling and Satansröhrling
The evergreen shrub can grow up to a meter in diameter. The leaves and branches are yellowish green. Between March and May, inconspicuous, yellowish-green flowers grow. As of July, the mistletoe has white, glassy berries whose pulp is sticky.
In addition to the stems are also poisonous leaves and berries. Main active ingredients are the so-called viscotoxins, which are toxic protein mixtures.
Mistletoes have a hypotensive effect. Greater amounts of toxins can cause gastrointestinal symptoms such as nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. Sweating is also typical.
Drink a lot, that dilutes the toxic substances. If you notice any of the above symptoms, go to the doctor.
In the Christmas and New Year Mistletoe serve as a lucky charm. The Celts believed that the plant has strong magic powers. The drink prepared from the berries promised courage and invincibility. In modern medicine, mistletoe preparations are said to have a good effect on cancer. However, a recognized, scientific proof of its efficacy is still missing.
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