- Oily skin: causes
- What to do for oily skin?
It looks oily, shines and tends to impurities: oily skin usually affects the face, sometimes also the upper shoulder and back area. The sebaceous glands are at fault. They produce too much of the actually very useful lubricant, which keeps the skin supple and protects against environmental influences. Who has oily skin, can do a lot to improve the appearance of the skin. Read about how greasy skin is formed and how to best take care of oily skin.
Oily skin: causes
In the dermis, medically dermis, lie the sebaceous glands. They continuously produce a mixture of fatty substances, the sebum. The sebum is made up of triglycerides, fatty acids, waxes and cholesterol as well as proteins, the exact composition being individually different. Therefore, the degree of greasiness of the skin varies from person to person. The purpose of the tallow is to grease the skin surface and prevent it from drying out. In addition, the sebum protects the skin from external influences and the ingress of pathogens.
Excess sebum production
However, sometimes the talar glands produce too much sebum, resulting in oily skin with large pores. The oily skin looks dull, thicker than normal skin and prone to cornification as well as impurities such as blackheads and pimples.
These annoying side effects of oily skin arise when individual sebaceous glands clog due to overproduction. Then the sebum can no longer flow away, which leads to an increased settlement of skin-own bacteria. The microorganisms decompose the sebum, producing free fatty acids. In turn, these trigger inflammations that manifest in the form of blackheads and pimples. In the worst case, an acne forms, which can affect the back and shoulders as well as the face.
Different influencing factors
Responsible for the excessive sebum production are several factors. In most cases, the cause of oily skin in the stimulation of the sebaceous glands by androgens, so male sex hormones. Even the female body produces these hormones so that oily skin can be equally common in both men and women. Especially in puberty, oily skin often occurs due to the then increased androgen production. With increasing age, the skin usually normalizes again. Other factors that favor oily skin are:
- Unilateral diet with too much fat and sugar
- alcohol consumption
- Disruption of the adrenal cortex function
- Disorder of ovarian function
- Family disposition
- The Nervous Disease Parkinson's Disease
In addition, certain medications such as corticosteroids can not only cause oily skin but even acne.
What to do for oily skin?
Greasy, shiny skin is disturbing on the face. After all, a fine-pored, matt alabaster complexion is considered a beauty ideal. Often, the so-called T-zone is particularly affected - greasy forehead, greasy nose, greasy chin. The reason: in these areas there are more sebaceous glands than in the cheek skin.
Tips against oily skin
Basically, oily skin is relatively insensitive to environmental influences such as heat, cold and sun. It stays taut compared to normal skin and forms wrinkles late. However, since greasy, oily skin tends to blemish, regular thorough cleansing with special products for oily skin is important. Also, greasy skin needs care. You should be careful not to completely degrease the oily skin. Because that destroys the skin's natural water-lipid (acid mantle) coat and also stimulates the sebaceous glands to produce more sebum to make up for the loss of fat.
Numerous effective remedies for oily skin can be found in pharmacies and drugstores. The products absorb excess fat, bind it, slow down the production of the sebaceous glands and counteract blemishes. So you gently and effectively cleanse and care for your oily skin. Face, shoulders and back can be successfully treated with:
- Cleansing milk with fat-absorbing properties
- Non-greasy washing creams or gels with neutral or slightly acidic pH adapted to the natural pH of the skin surface (5,5)
- Peels against oily skin
- Toning tonic with antibacterial ingredients
- Moisturizing, non-greasy care creams with light UV protection
The right diet
What we eat has a big impact on our skin. Therefore, the choice of food plays an important role in the fight against oily skin: diet and drinking habits should be critically reviewed and optimized if necessary. It is particularly important to consume little fat and sugar, as both can further stimulate sebum production.Especially recommended for greasy skin is a balanced diet with plenty of fruits and vegetables, which provides the skin with all the necessary nutrients and does not stimulate the production of sebum.
Animal products should be on the menu in moderation, as they usually contain many saturated fatty acids, which put extra strain on the oily skin. If you have oily skin, you should also make sure to drink enough, preferably still mineral water. Experts also recommend eating enough vitamin A and zinc from the diet - both have a positive effect on oily skin.
Good vitamin A suppliers are liver, sea fish, butter and cheese. In the form of the beta-carotene precursor, vitamin A is also found in vegetables and fruits, such as carrots, spinach, broccoli, peppers, cherries or grapefruit. Especially zinc is found in rye and wheat seedlings, sunflower seeds, wheat bran, cashews, cheese and Brazil nuts.
In some cases it may be good for oily skin to deliver the substances via dietary supplements. However, you should never decide this on your own. Ask your doctor if the additional intake of vitamin A or zinc makes sense to you. Because dietary supplements always carry the risk that one takes too much of the respective ingredient - with negative consequences for the organism.
Home remedies for oily skin
Anyone who wants to do something natural for a good diet against oily skin can resort to proven home remedies. Effective against oily skin are, for example:
- Aloe vera
- cucumber water
- almond meal
- wheat bran
These natural products can be used to create highly effective cleansing and nourishing concoctions against oily skin:
Cleansing milk from cucumber water and egg yolk For this cleansing milk, sliced a fresh cucumber, put it in a jug and fill with water. Then mix some of the cucumber water with an egg yolk and use the lotion for gentle facial cleansing.
Washing paste with almond bran Mix a cup of almond bran with 250 milliliters of whole milk and 15 milliliters of almond oil until a smooth paste is formed. Apply the paste to the face and massage with gentle circular movements. Then remove with lukewarm water.
Clarifying lotion with buttermilk and lemon Mix a little buttermilk with a splash of lemon juice and dab off the previously cleansed face.
Steam bath with chamomile A steam bath cleans the pores and calms the skin. Pour two tablespoons of chamomile flowers or marigold blossoms in a heat-resistant bowl of about 1.5 liters of boiling water. Let the mixture soak for ten minutes and then bend over it for about 15 minutes, about 30 centimeters above it.
To increase the effect, you can put a towel over your head and bowl, so that the steam can not escape. Then gently dab the skin with a tissue and cream with a mild lotion.
Face mask with sauerkraut Unusual but effective: put raw sauerkraut on the skin for about 20 minutes. The herb is clarifying and soothing.
Even from the inside you can do something for oily skin. Teem blends with certain medicinal herbs, such as a mix of dandelion, stinging nettle and birch leaves, have proved their worth. For the preparation mix the ingredients in equal parts and pour over a teaspoon of it with 250 milliliters of boiling water. Let the tea soak for five to six minutes and drink three cups a day for a maximum of five weeks - a blessing for oily skin.