Sports injuries - swimming

Swimming trains almost all muscle groups. The respiratory muscles are strengthened and the breathing rhythm becomes more regular. Swimming is therefore considered particularly suitable for asthmatics. Swimming also trains the superficial blood vessel system through the hydrostatic pressure in the water and helps to relieve low blood pressure symptoms.

Sports injuries - swimming

Rare accidents, frequent wear

Swimming is one of the least serious sports. If it comes to an accident, only every tenth injury is so heavy that a swim break of more than two weeks must be inserted.

More dangerous are accidents that have nothing to do with the actual swimming: Slipping on wet streams, dives in shallow water or kicks and blows from other swimmers in the track lead to head, eye, hand and arm injuries. Above all, craniocerebral and cervical spine injuries after jumps are feared.

Significantly more common are the consequences of a bad load due to incorrectly learned movements. They account for the majority of all swimming-related complaints. Crawling, backstroke and dolphin are associated with extreme over-head movements of the arms and stress the shoulder joints. An investigation showed that two-thirds of high performance swimmers suffer from shoulder discomfort.

The leg stroke during breaststroke is associated with a rotational movement in the knee joint. This leads to signs of wear on the menisci, the patella and the ligaments on the inside of the knees. Fins increase the stress on the knee and hock joints. When inhaled, the breast and dolphin swimmer make a hollow cross in the lumbar spine. Deep-seated back pain is the result of some high-performance swimmers.

swimmers shoulder

The famous "floater shoulder" is an umbrella term for numerous orthopedic changes in the shoulder joint and in the surrounding structures. Inflammations of the bursa and tendon, muscle shortening, cervical vertebrae or an impingement syndrome are possible. Typically, a tendon is trapped between the humeral head and the acromion.

Most commonly, the tendon of a scapula muscle is affected as it passes directly through the shoulder joint (supraspinatus muscle). The shoulder hurts when you lift your arm, strained or lying on your side. The tightness under the roof of the shoulder is caused by swelling of the tendon and the bursa, for example in bursitis, tendon wear or lime deposits in the tendon.

Breaststroke knee

One-third of sports swimmers suffer from knee problems. The most commonly affected are the patella, inner meniscus and ligaments on the inside of the knee. Knee injuries occur mainly at the turning points on the pelvic wall. Overuse injuries to the knees are usually the result of incorrect movements during breaststroke ("breast swimmer knee") or too intense leg training with fins.

Altered spine

In half of all high-performance swimmers on the radiograph significant changes in the spine are visible. Growth disturbances and signs of wear occur on vertebral bodies, joints and cartilages and the spinal structure becomes unstable. All swimming sequences occur preferentially on the lumbar spine, because thoracic and dolphin swimming movements require a strong hollow back in the lumbar region. Through the effort, the large back muscles shorten, which additionally reinforces the hollow back.

Acute spine injuries are almost always the result of dives. If the water is too shallow, the head bounces on the bottom of the lake or pelvis and compresses the cervical spine. It comes to cervical vertebrae and in extreme cases to the spinal fracture with paraplegia. Since the spinal cord is damaged in these injuries very high up (close to the head), usually arms and legs are paralyzed. In addition, bladder and bowel dysfunction, cardiac arrhythmia and even respiratory disorders are possible.

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    The best tips for football fans

    The best tips on how to stay fit despite nerve-racking games and increased consumption of beer and chips!

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    Hearing

    The neighbors may be annoyed if you are loudly suffering under the gates of the opposing team. But a recent study found that an exciting game increases the enjoyment for viewers. The closer the victory was achieved, the bigger the joy of the fans afterwards. Speaking of volume: If you reach for the vuvuzela yourself, or if a fan with the plastic trumpet is around you, ear plugs will help to prevent hearing damage. They are also available as special "Vuvustops".

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    none

    The tip, a lot to drink, is not only valid for outdoor public viewing. On the one hand, one quickly forgets to fill up one's own fluid reserves in the excitement and mitgrassing - circulatory problems and headaches threaten.On the other hand, drinks fill the stomach and reduce cravings for (potentially unhealthy) snacks. But anyone who thinks he can cover the fluid requirement with beer is wrong. Alcoholic drinks are not suitable and also contain many calories. In addition to non-alcoholic beer, especially juice spritzers, unsweetened tea or water are a good alternative.

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    Healthy munchies

    Pepper strips, carrots and fennel with delicious homemade yoghurt dip quickly fill you up thanks to their fiber. At the same time, fingers, tongue and jaw muscles are busy and not easily tempted by unhealthy finger food. If that's too many vitamins, you can upgrade the vegetable mix with trail mix. Also, pretzel sticks are a comparatively healthy snack as they are low in fat and low in calories. But watch out for high blood pressure: Because the rods contain a lot of salt, you should better keep away from it!

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    Relaxation for the eyes

    If the flat-screen TV is in the blazing sunlight or the window is reflected in it, even the most boring game for the eyes offers no relaxation. Therefore: Darken room or increase the luminosity of the TV or projector - then the eyes do not have to be exhausting and you have more of the game. And the outdoor public viewing, in addition to the use of sunscreen for the skin: put on sunglasses for good visibility!

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    Fed up watching football

    After a month of regular television evenings, most fans are weighing in extra kilos. Growing hip pads can be avoided by the right nutritional tactics. Nutritional tip: Have a normal, well-balanced meal before kickoff. For those who are already full, uses much less often to chips and fast food - even if they are right in the face.

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    Lots of legroom

    In the full pub around the corner you are of course happy about a collapsed seat. But beware! Who sits too tightly squeezed too long, risked as in long air travel blood clots in the leg veins (leg vein thrombosis). A comfortable chair with enough legroom and a regular change between sitting and standing - for example in the breaks between games - do the circulation well.

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    Check heart health

    Not everyone who enjoys a national team game in front of the TV must go to the doctor. But passionate fans with cardiovascular disease do not hurt to be thoroughly checked. Because at thrilling football matches, the number of heart attacks and arrhythmia traditionally increases noticeably.

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    spare employment

    Every exciting football season comes to an end. According to experts, the enthusiastic fans are then threatened with "social hangovers" - an inner emptiness and frustration because suddenly an important part of life is gone. Anyone who takes care of a replacement job early or quickly picks up on the old hobbies does not fall into the mood.

Surfer's Ear

The "Surfer's Ear" is a disease that affects all water sports. Constant contact with cold or contaminated water causes inflammation in the ear canal. Occurring repeatedly, the body sometimes responds with excessive bone formation around the ear canal. These bony growths grow into the corridor and can constrict or even completely block it in the long term. Heavy inflammation of the middle ear and in extreme cases deafness are the consequences.

Prevent - Never jump headlong

Never jump into waters that you do not know well. You save yourself unpleasant cuts, broken bones, but especially severe head injuries and paraplegia.

Check swimming technique

Most congestion reactions in the body can be avoided by better swimming technique and good body position in the water. Warm-up exercises such as extreme arm circles or passive stretching have proven to be shoulder-damaging. Instead, train the shoulder, trunk and hip muscles on land - this can prevent damage in the water.

Unilateral stress on the musculoskeletal system can be avoided by alternating between different swimming styles during exercise. It's better to swim long distances slowly than short distances quickly - this increases endurance.

People with spinal problems should refrain from breast stroke because of the strain on the neck muscles and the hollow back and instead prefer to do backstroke. For pregnant women, however, breaststroke is recommended. If you have knee problems, you should do a leg beating instead of the leg scissor stroke as in crawling. Slight neck tension can be avoided during breaststroke by a longer sliding phase under water.


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