- Heartily intervene
- Important "wound rules"
- Wound care - step by step
- Special case tick bite
If an athlete injures, the wounds must be supplied quickly. Often sufferers and helpers are not adequately informed about first aid measures and do not dare to seek treatment. However, the most important rule is: First of all, only a first aid has to be provided, the further measures will be taken over later by a doctor.
Injuries can be due to very different causes: external violence, heat, cold or even chemical substances. First, the skin often takes damage, possibly the underlying structures such as muscles, tendons, nerves and blood vessels. At worst, bones and organs can also be affected.
As nerves are also damaged in an injury, pain occurs - the larger and deeper the wound, the more painful. Due to the damage to the skin, pathogens can invade the body and cause infections. The injury of blood vessels results in different degrees of bleeding, there is a risk of shock.
Important "wound rules"
- Do not touch wounds with your bare hands, which could additionally contaminate them and infect them with pathogens.
- Wear gloves as infection protection during wound care.
- Foreign objects should first be left in the wound and later removed by the doctor.
Wound care - step by step
Especially with visible injuries, it is easy to see how the body's self-healing process works: the immune system cleanses the wound of possible pathogens, scabs cover it and new skin forms underneath. But the organism does not always manage this alone. Therefore, you should support the self-healing process meaningful.
- Disposable gloves,
- gauze bandages,
- Field dressings,
- Elastic bandages,
- Wound dressings,
- The burn dressing packets,
- Wound disinfectant,
- Wound, burn ointment,
- Clinical thermometer
- Bandage scissors,
- Splinter forceps,
- Safety pins.
"Wound cleaning: Suitable are clean, cold water or a wound cleaning cloth. This contains disinfecting additives, does not burn on the wound and is also well applicable in children.
Wound disinfection: In addition to the towels, modern disinfectants in the form of sprays or solutions are also practical. Attention! When buying a disinfectant, let the expert advise you on the type of application.
Applying a bandage or patch: After disinfection, apply a germ-free wound dressing to the injured area. For smaller injuries a patch is sufficient, for larger use a sterile compress that does not stick to the wound. The fixation is done with an elastic gauze bandage, which is then fastened with safety pins or patches. In the meantime, patches are also available especially for sensitive skin.
Means to promote healing: From the large number of wound and healing ointments offered you should choose those whose active ingredients actually promote healing: These are, for example, dexpanthenol, calendula or camomile. It is not recommended to use powders, as they can stick to the wound and form residues.
Attention! Vaccination against tetanus: Even with banal-looking wounds, a life-threatening tetanus can develop through infection with the corresponding pathogens. Basically, everyone should therefore pay attention to a primary vaccination against tetanus and have them refreshed every ten years. If you are caring for an injured person, ask him / her for his vaccine protection or point him out.
Special case tick bite
Ticks can transmit dangerous diseases, such as TBE or Lyme disease. The best protection is provided by clothing that covers the skin, especially on the feet and legs. Especially in summer, this is not always possible due to the heat. For this reason, the emergency kit should also include an instrument to remove ticks (ticks, tweezers). When purchasing the instrument, inform yourself about the handling.
Ekkehard Brandhoff studied medicine and sports. He lives and works as a freelance journalist in Munich.
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The best tips for football fans
The best tips on how to stay fit despite nerve-racking games and increased consumption of beer and chips!
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The neighbors may be annoyed if you are loudly suffering under the gates of the opposing team.But a recent study found that an exciting game increases the enjoyment for viewers. The closer the victory was achieved, the bigger the joy of the fans afterwards. Speaking of volume: If you reach for the vuvuzela yourself, or if a fan with the plastic trumpet is around you, ear plugs will help to prevent hearing damage. They are also available as special "Vuvustops".
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The tip, a lot to drink, is not only valid for outdoor public viewing. On the one hand, one quickly forgets to fill up one's own fluid reserves in the excitement and mitgrassing - circulatory problems and headaches threaten. On the other hand, drinks fill the stomach and reduce cravings for (potentially unhealthy) snacks. But anyone who thinks he can cover the fluid requirement with beer is wrong. Alcoholic drinks are not suitable and also contain many calories. In addition to non-alcoholic beer, especially juice spritzers, unsweetened tea or water are a good alternative.
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Pepper strips, carrots and fennel with delicious homemade yoghurt dip quickly fill you up thanks to their fiber. At the same time, fingers, tongue and jaw muscles are busy and not easily tempted by unhealthy finger food. If that's too many vitamins, you can upgrade the vegetable mix with trail mix. Also, pretzel sticks are a comparatively healthy snack as they are low in fat and low in calories. But watch out for high blood pressure: Because the rods contain a lot of salt, you should better keep away from it!
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Relaxation for the eyes
If the flat-screen TV is in the blazing sunlight or the window is reflected in it, even the most boring game for the eyes offers no relaxation. Therefore: Darken room or increase the luminosity of the TV or projector - then the eyes do not have to be exhausting and you have more of the game. And the outdoor public viewing, in addition to the use of sunscreen for the skin: put on sunglasses for good visibility!
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Fed up watching football
After a month of regular television evenings, most fans are weighing in extra kilos. Growing hip pads can be avoided by the right nutritional tactics. Nutritional tip: Have a normal, well-balanced meal before kickoff. For those who are already full, uses much less often to chips and fast food - even if they are right in the face.
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Lots of legroom
In the full pub around the corner you are of course happy about a collapsed seat. But beware! Who sits too tightly squeezed too long, risked as in long air travel blood clots in the leg veins (leg vein thrombosis). A comfortable chair with enough legroom and a regular change between sitting and standing - for example in the breaks between games - do the circulation well.
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Check heart health
Not everyone who enjoys a national team game in front of the TV must go to the doctor. But passionate fans with cardiovascular disease do not hurt to be thoroughly checked. Because at thrilling football matches, the number of heart attacks and arrhythmia traditionally increases noticeably.
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Every exciting football season comes to an end. According to experts, the enthusiastic fans are then threatened with "social hangovers" - an inner emptiness and frustration because suddenly an important part of life is gone. Anyone who takes care of a replacement job early or quickly picks up on the old hobbies does not fall into the mood.