Sports pharmacy - wound care

If an athlete injures, it is important to quickly care for the wounds. Often sufferers and helpers do not dare to treat the treatment. However, the most important rule is: first only provide first aid and leave the other measures to a doctor.

Sports pharmacy - wound care

Heartily intervene

If an athlete injures, the wounds must be supplied quickly. Often sufferers and helpers are not adequately informed about first aid measures and do not dare to seek treatment. However, the most important rule is: First of all, only a first aid has to be provided, the further measures will be taken over later by a doctor.

Injuries can be due to very different causes: external violence, heat, cold or even chemical substances. First, the skin often takes damage, possibly the underlying structures such as muscles, tendons, nerves and blood vessels. At worst, bones and organs can also be affected.

As nerves are also damaged in an injury, pain occurs - the larger and deeper the wound, the more painful. Due to the damage to the skin, pathogens can invade the body and cause infections. The injury of blood vessels results in different degrees of bleeding, there is a risk of shock.

Important "wound rules"

  • Do not touch wounds with your bare hands, which could additionally contaminate them and infect them with pathogens.
  • Wear gloves as infection protection during wound care.
  • Foreign objects should first be left in the wound and later removed by the doctor.

Wound care - step by step

Especially with visible injuries, it is easy to see how the body's self-healing process works: the immune system cleanses the wound of possible pathogens, scabs cover it and new skin forms underneath. But the organism does not always manage this alone. Therefore, you should support the self-healing process meaningful.

Emergency Kit

  • Disposable gloves,
  • gauze,
  • gauze bandages,
  • Field dressings,
  • Elastic bandages,
  • Plasters
  • Wound dressings,
  • The burn dressing packets,
  • Wound disinfectant,
  • Wound, burn ointment,
  • Clinical thermometer
  • Bandage scissors,
  • Splinter forceps,
  • Zeckenzange,
  • Safety pins.

"Wound cleaning: Suitable are clean, cold water or a wound cleaning cloth. This contains disinfecting additives, does not burn on the wound and is also well applicable in children.

Wound disinfection: In addition to the towels, modern disinfectants in the form of sprays or solutions are also practical. Attention! When buying a disinfectant, let the expert advise you on the type of application.

Applying a bandage or patch: After disinfection, apply a germ-free wound dressing to the injured area. For smaller injuries a patch is sufficient, for larger use a sterile compress that does not stick to the wound. The fixation is done with an elastic gauze bandage, which is then fastened with safety pins or patches. In the meantime, patches are also available especially for sensitive skin.

Means to promote healing: From the large number of wound and healing ointments offered you should choose those whose active ingredients actually promote healing: These are, for example, dexpanthenol, calendula or camomile. It is not recommended to use powders, as they can stick to the wound and form residues.

Attention! Vaccination against tetanus: Even with banal-looking wounds, a life-threatening tetanus can develop through infection with the corresponding pathogens. Basically, everyone should therefore pay attention to a primary vaccination against tetanus and have them refreshed every ten years. If you are caring for an injured person, ask him / her for his vaccine protection or point him out.

Special case tick bite

Ticks can transmit dangerous diseases, such as TBE or Lyme disease. The best protection is provided by clothing that covers the skin, especially on the feet and legs. Especially in summer, this is not always possible due to the heat. For this reason, the emergency kit should also include an instrument to remove ticks (ticks, tweezers). When purchasing the instrument, inform yourself about the handling.

Ekkehard Brandhoff studied medicine and sports. He lives and works as a freelance journalist in Munich.

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