The tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) is common in Europe and parts of Asia. The disease is linked to the habitat of the ticks, which act as the main vectors of TBE viruses. Therefore, there is an increased risk of infection in the habitat of the ticks - in dense forests with lots of undergrowth and dense green area. In Germany, the TBE risk areas are particularly in the south of the country. Everything important about TBE areas read here.
ICD codes for this disease: ICD codes are internationally valid medical diagnosis codes. They are found e.g. in doctor's letters or on incapacity certificates. Z24A84
Different risk depending on the season
TBE areas: Germany
Unlike Lyme disease - another tick-borne infectious disease - TBE occurs only in certain areas of Germany. These are especially Bavaria, Baden-Württemberg and Saarland. However, some southern districts in Rhineland-Palatinate, Thuringia and Hesse have recently been affected by the spread of FSME.
The TBE risk areas may change slightly from year to year, depending on how far the virus spreads. These risk areas are very strictly defined in Germany. Once a statistically significant (significant) increase in disease is measured, professionals talk about a risk area. The monitoring of the TBE risk areas and the number of illnesses lies with the Robert Koch Institute (RKI). Since TBE is a reportable disease, doctors and hospitals are required to report all TBE patients to the RKI. In this way, TBE areas can be regularly updated. Since the disease is almost non-existent outside the FSME areas, a few cases are already enough to establish a new TBE area. Especially in sparsely populated areas, where people have a lot of contact with nature, the Robert Koch Institute therefore quickly speaks of a TBE risk area, even though only very few cases of disease have occurred.
A graphic representation of the TBE risk areas - Germany can be found in the article TBE distribution map Germany.
TBE areas: foreign countries
FSME occurs mainly in Europe and Asia. Current information on the spread of TBE in other countries can be obtained, for example, from the Robert Koch Institute or from a travel doctor. In Europe, the following countries are particularly affected by FSME:
- Baltic countries
- Czech Republic
- Slovak Republic
- Southern Sweden
Few isolated cases are known from France, Italy and Greece. However, these countries are not considered typical TBE areas.
There is no contagion risk for TBE according to current knowledge in:
- Great Britain
- Denmark (exception: Bornholm)
You will find a European FSME map in the contribution FSME distribution map Europe.
Different TBE risk depending on the season
TBE infections are particularly typical during the summer months. Report on very mild winters TBE areas even during the colder months isolated diseases.